Parenting styles and their influence on the formation of the child’s personality
Intrafamily relationships are very often a role model for a child, and the development of his personality largely depends on how the parents perceive the child and how they behave with him.
Experts identify four main types of family education double infant jogging stroller, based on two criteria: the level of emotional acceptance of the child by adults and their control. It should be borne in mind that the styles of upbringing are most often mixed, because a person is a flexible creature, it is impossible to fit his behavior into the framework of any concept. Nevertheless, in every family there is a basic style of upbringing, the features of which are manifested brighter than the rest.
Parents are an authority for the child – they take an example from them. In such families, democracy reigns – the opinion of all its members is taken into account when deciding important issues. Parents establish rules for the child, taking into account the needs and interests, always accept the feelings and emotions of their child, are ready to provide him with autonomy in solving those issues that he is already capable of. One of the main features of such a family is flexibility: parents change the system of rules and regulations depending on the child’s age. The level of control on the part of adults is high, there is no physical and verbal aggression.
A child raised in a family that uses an authoritative parenting style will be distinguished by high self-esteem, purposefulness, willpower, and responsibility. Such children are confident in themselves and their strengths, they know what they are striving for, and most often they are friendly. They are ready to fulfill social norms, have a high level of self-control and self-regulation, respectively, the risk of deviant behavior in such families is quite low.
It implies tough methods of upbringing: “As I said, so it will be” – the parents set the rules and are not ready to change them, the child in the family does not have the right to vote and is forced to obey. Parents rigidly control the child, do not accept, and sometimes even reject his feelings and experiences. They love the child, strive to give him all the best – everything except affection and understanding.
As a result of such upbringing, the baby will grow up passive, will always be guided by authoritative personalities and will not be able to take the initiative. In families that use an authoritarian parenting style, any leadership manifestations are suppressed. Such children are at risk of developing addictive behavior.
This parenting style is close to anarchy. A child can do anything – he grows up in an atmosphere of complete permissiveness. Parents treat their child warmly and accept his emotions, completely trust the child, freeing themselves from responsibility for the result. The level of control is low – parents are not able to demand and organize, in fact, not helping the child and not supporting him.
Children grow up anxious, nervous, because they do not have clear rules and norms – they do not know how to do it right. They are prone to disobedience, aggressiveness, impulsiveness. Problems in kindergarten and school often arise from the need to follow the rules.
These children are highly likely to fall under the influence of antisocial groups.